喀尔巴阡地区木质教堂

此处跨国遗产位于东欧东部边境,由东正教和希腊天主教信仰组织建于16世纪至19世纪木结构共16处的教堂组成。其中波兰境内的8所入选教堂分别位于下喀尔巴阡山省和小波兰省,与乌克兰境内的8处入选教堂共同体现了当时木质结构教堂建筑的最高水平,至今仍为世人所惊叹。其丰富的外型、卓越的设计和木质建筑解决方案成为不同于欧洲其他国家木质教堂的奇妙建筑。

Situated in the eastern fringe of Central Europe, the transnational property numbers a selection of sixteen tserkvas (churches). They were built of horizontal wooden logs between the 16th and 19th centuries by communities of Orthodox and Greek Catholic faiths. The tserkvas bear testimony to a distinct building tradition rooted in Orthodox ecclesiastic design interwoven with elements of local tradition, and symbolic references to their communities’ cosmogony. The tserkvas are built on a tri-partite plan surmounted by open quadrilateral or octagonal domes and cupolas. Integral to tserkvas are iconostasis screens, interior polychrome decorations, and other historic furnishings. Important elements of some tserkvas include wooden bell towers, churchyards, gatehouses and graveyards.

国别波兰 Poland
乌克兰 Ukraine
中文名称喀尔巴阡地区木质教堂
英文名称Wooden Tserkvas of the Carpathian Region in Poland and Ukraine
遗产类别文化遗产
登录年份2013
选入标准(iii)(iv)

遗产范围包括:

- 1424-001 Brunary Wyżne-Tserkva of Saint Michael the Archangel, Poland

- 1424-002 Chotyniec-Tserkva of the Birth of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Poland

- 1424-003 乌克兰 利沃夫州 德罗霍贝奇 圣乔治教堂 Drohobych-Tserkva of Saint George, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

- 1424-004 Kwiatoń-Tserkva of Saint Paraskeva, Poland

- 1424-005 乌克兰 利沃夫州 Matkiv-Tserkva of the Synaxis of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

- 1424-006 乌克兰 外喀尔巴阡州 Nyzhniy Verbizh-Tserkva of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Zakarpattia Oblast, Ukraine

- 1424-007 Owczary-Tserkva of Our Lady’s Protection, Poland

- 1424-008 乌克兰 利沃夫州 Potelych-Tserkva of the Descent of the Holy Spirit, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

- 1424-009 Powroźnik-Tserkva of Saint James the Less, the Apostle, Poland

- 1424-010 Radruż-Tserkva of Saint Paraskeva, Poland

- 1424-011 乌克兰 伊万诺-弗兰科夫斯克州 Rohatyn-Tserkva of the Descent of the Holy Spirit, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, Ukraine

- 1424-012 Smolnik-Tserkva of Saint Michael the Archangel, Poland

- 1424-013 Turzańsk-Tserkva of Saint Michael the Archangel, Poland

- 1424-014 乌克兰 外喀尔巴阡州 Uzhok-Tserkva of the Synaxis of the Archangel Michael, Zakarpattia Oblast, Ukraine

- 1424-015 乌克兰 外喀尔巴阡州 Yasynia-Tserkva of Our Lord’s Ascension, Zakarpattia Oblast, Ukraine

- 1424-016 乌克兰 利沃夫州 Zhovkva-Tserkva of the Holy Trinity, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine

发行国家/地区:捷克斯洛伐克Czechoslovakia
名称时间邮票
风景1939
(右)Yasynia-Tserkva of Our Lord’s Ascension

1)

发行国家/地区:波兰 Poland

Rychwald,Owczary-Tserkva of Our Lady’s Protection
1984 波兰 宗教建筑 (6-3)
(左)波兰 Kwiatoń-Tserkva of Saint Paraskeva(右)乌克兰 德罗霍贝奇 圣乔治教堂
2015 波兰 世界遗产 波兰-乌克兰联合发行 (1全)

发行国家/地区:乌克兰 Ukraine

德罗霍贝奇 圣乔治教堂
1996 乌克兰 教堂 (4-3)
(左)波兰 Kwiatoń-Tserkva of Saint Paraskeva(右)乌克兰 德罗霍贝奇 圣乔治教堂
2015 乌克兰 世界遗产 波兰-乌克兰联合发行 (1全)

1)
当时该地区属于捷克斯洛伐克
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